Valvular Heart Diseases
Valvular Heart Diseases . The heart has four valves that allow the blood to pass only in one direction. These valves have a very important role because they connect heart compartments to each other. And sections with large vases starting from the heart. They are called either in relation to their morphology (mitral, tricuspid). Either in relation to the vessels that originate from them (aortic, pulmonary). These valves, depending on the position and the requirements they have for the operation they perform, have different behavior and present different problems.
Valvular Heart Diseases Symptoms
Valvulopathies occur due to certain conditions such as circulating microbes, antibodies produced by conditions such as rheumatic fever. Either because of wear and deposition of calcium that appear over the years. Valves may have narrowing or deficiencies that affect the heart. They lead to arrhythmias, symptoms resembling those of coronary heart disease, heart failure and if not treated quickly, death. Valvular heart Diseases are often insidious and when they occur many times they are practically unfeasible effectively.
Valvular Heart Diseases Diagnosis Treatment
For this reason valvular heart diseases should be diagnosed in a timely manner. Treat medications to avoid the need for surgery. And to do when things can not be treated conservatively in time for proper intervention. All this requires a good knowledge of the patient’s needs, reliable monitoring, proper guidance according to the needs of each patient. Triplex of the heart is a valuable test that not only helps diagnose but contributes to the monitoring and progression of the disease.
Perhaps valvopathies and their proper monitoring and treatment are among the most difficult problems in cardiology. They require a lot of experience from the cardiologist’s side and proper patient guidance. Another very important chapter is patient monitoring and adjustment after a cardiac surgery to replace the valve or correct it. It is necessary, depending on the type of valve, to adjust the anticoagulation treatment, to administer drugs that maximize the benefit from the operation and to address the overall problems that caused the valve problem before surgery. It is also important to use the new methods of transdermal valve placement which, as new methods, lead some cardiologists without indicating that they recommend patients to resort to them.
Special Cardiologist Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos,Marousi