Various causes that are most often unknown to us may cause myocardial disorder. It is generally called cardiomyopathy. It is distinguished by dilatal cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is presented with dyspnea, easy fatigue, weakness and other symptoms of heart failure.
The reasons leading to this point are usually not specific. Excessive use of alcohol is one of the most common and most recognizable. But there are a number of other reasons under investigation that are considered responsible for this cardiac entity. The very important thing with this disease is that it is combined with normal coronary vessels. It adversely affects the quality of life of the patient.
Another form of cardiomyopathy is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is usually due to hereditary causes and causes myocardial thickening
Not all but by regions (hypertrophy) that is responsible for arrhythmias and sometimes for sudden death and even younger age. This condition is called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Inherited genes that cause the disease can also be detected in other family members.
Dilated, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy .Diagnosis
Another development is progressively the presence of deficiency and other organs such as the kidney due to poor blood flow from the heart. Cardiomyopathy reduces lifetime due to usually fatal arrhythmia.
Dilated cardiomyopathy needs early diagnosis. Correct investigation of possible causes and especially proper monitoring and treatment. This requires experience, knowledge, and good communication with the patient because it requires calm, physician and patient cooperation and compliance with the patient. It is a chronic disease that with proper regulation can allow the patient to have a qualitative and long survival.
It is therefore very important to diagnose the disease, to monitor and to prevent episodes of heart failure, arrhythmias and sudden death. Sometimes it takes invasive therapy or the placement of some special devices of the defibrillators involved in some dangerous manifestations of the disease. The patient may still need surgery if there are difficulties in promoting blood or valve lesions that accompany the disease. It requires a lot of experience from the doctor’s point of view. The physician should be suspicious, properly investigate and deal with the problems. By choosing the right method of diagnosis, monitoring and treatment every time.
Special Cardiologist Nikos Panagiotopoulos, Marousi